20131114_Groff_002Associate Professor & Undergraduate Chair

groff@temple.edu
(215)204-5164
531 Gladfelter Hall
website

Keywords

Crime and place, Modeling geographical influences on human activity, Agent-based modeling , Crime prevention, Technology in policing

Biography

She has a Ph.D. in Geography (2006) and an MA (2005) in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Maryland, College Park and a BS (1992) and MA (1994) in Geography from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. As you might imagine Elizabeth is no stranger to applied research. In fact she has spent the last twenty years applying geographic theory and methodology to the study of crime-related issues at both the local and national levels.

At the local level, she institutionalized the use of geographic information systems (GIS) at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department. At the national level, Dr. Groff ran the NIJ Crime Mapping Research Center from 2001-02 where she promoted the analytic use of mapping in criminal justice agencies. For the next five years she was a Senior Research Associate at the non-profit criminal justice research firm, Institute for Law and Justice where she conducted a variety of research initiatives including the development of an agent-based simulation model of robbery, the application of mobility triangles to understanding homicide, and an evaluation of efficiency, effectiveness, and enabling impacts of COPS MORE funding.

As an early innovator in the use of GIS within law enforcement agencies, she has focused on developing evidence to improve police practice. Groff’s research has revealed which type of map communicates crime information without increasing fear (Groff, Kearley, Beatty, Couture, & Wartell, 2005), the efficacy of foot patrol for reducing violent crime if deployed at small, high crime places in sufficient strength (Ratcliffe, Taniguchi, Groff, & Wood, 2011), and that commanders are able to increase patrol at hot spots when they are provided with reports documenting the level of patrol achieved (Weisburd, Groff, Jones, Amendola and Cave, 2012). These important findings have natural implications for police practice and policy.

Selected Publications

  • In press: Groff, E.R., Ratcliffe, J.R., Haberman, C., Sorg, E., Joyce, N., and R. Taylor. Does What Police Do at Hot Spots Matter?: The Philadelphia Policing Tactics Experiment. Criminology.
    2014 Groff, E.R. Quantifying the Exposure of Street Segments to Drinking Places Nearby. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 30(3):527-548. Published on-line December 17, 2013 as DOI 10.1007/s10940-013-9213-2. (September 2014).
  • 2014 Weisburd, D., Groff, E.R., and S-M Yang. Understanding and Controlling Hot Spots of Crime: The Importance of Formal and Informal Social Controls. Prevention Science. 15(1):31-43.
  • 2014 Johnson, S. and E.R. Groff. Strengthening Theoretical Testing in Criminology Using Agent-based Modeling. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 51(4): 508-524.
  • 2014 Hibdon, J. and E.R. Groff. What You Find Depends on Where You Look: Using Emergency Medical Services Call Data to Target Illicit Drug Use Hot Spots. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 30(2): 169-185.
  • 2014 Groff, E.R. and B.L. Lockwood. Criminogenic Facilities and Crime across Street Segments in Philadelphia: Uncovering Evidence about the Spatial Extent of Facility Influence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 51(3): 277-314.
  • 2014 Groff, E.R., Taylor R., Elesh D., McGovern, J., and L. Johnson. Permeability across a Metropolitan Area: Conceptualizing and Operationalizing a Macro Level Crime Pattern Theory. Environment and Planning A 46(1):129-152.

 Courses Taught

  • CJ8330: SEMINAR IN ADVANCED CJ RESEARCH TOPICS (ADVANCED GEOSPATIAL METHODS)
    Temple University
    Department of Criminal Justice
  • CJ8330: SEMINAR IN ADVANCED CJ RESEARCH TOPICS (INTRODUCTION TO SIMULATION MODELING)
    Temple University
    Department of Criminal Justice
  • CJ3402: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMINOLOGY
    Temple University
    Department of Criminal Justice
  • CJ3402: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMINOLOGY – HONORS
    Temple University
    Department of Criminal Justice
  • CJ4102: COMMUNITIES AND CRIME PREVENTION
    Temple University
    Department of Criminal Justice