Assistant Professor
527 Gladfelter Hall
1115 Polett Walk


Developmental and life-course criminology, Juvenile delinquency, Measurement, Quantitative methods


Dr. Jeffrey T. Ward is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Temple University. He received his B.S. 2005 in Physics and Psychology from Rutgers University and his M.A. 2007 and Ph.D. 2011 in Criminology, Law Society from the University of Florida. He was a 2009 recipient of the prestigious Harry Frank Guggenheim Dissertation Fellowship for his research exploring the consequences of justice system contact on developmental trajectories of violence using integrated methods—propensity score matching and latent class growth analysis.

Utilizing advanced quantitative methods, a major arc of Ward’s research takes a developmental and life-course DLC approach to understand the causes and consequences of criminal trajectories and key life transitions including, for examples, involuntary contact with the criminal justice system and gang involvement. Collectively, his DLC research has investigated antisocial behavior across different developmental periods, from quantifying the effects of maternal smoking in utero on externalizing behaviors in young children to the long-term effects of gang involvement on adult development. Most centrally, a large majority of Ward’s DLC-informed research has analyzed samples of juveniles and late adolescents focusing on behavioral trajectories and salient life transitions. A second principal arc of Ward’s research draws explicit attention to the importance of measurement and construct validity. This body of research helps to ensure measures adequately reflect criminology’s key constructs and to elucidate the implications of measurement decisions for theory testing and empirical findings. This research has added to measurement debates centered on the constructs of self-control, peer delinquency, disorder/incivilities, among others.

His substantive teaching interests include developmental and life-course criminology, juvenile delinquency, and criminological theory and his methodological teaching interests include research methods and statistics, generalized linear modeling, item response theory, structural equation modeling, multilevel modeling, counterfactual methods, latent class methods, and integrated methods e.g., multilevel structural equation modeling .

Selected Publications

  • Augustyn, M.B., Ward, J.T., Krohn, M.D. 2017 . Exploring intergenerational continuity in gang membership. Gangs in a Developmental Perspective, special issue of Journal of Crime and Justice, 40, 252-274.
  • Kelsay, J., Tillyer, M.S., Tillyer, R., Ward, J.T. 2017 . The violent victimization of children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly: Situational characteristics and victim injury. Violence and Victims, 32, 342-361.
  • Ward, J.T., Ray, J.V., Fox, K.A. Online 2017. Exploring differences in self-control across sex, race, age, education, and language: Considering a bifactor MIMIC model. Advances in Research on Self-control, special issue of Journal of Criminal Justice.
  • Ward, J.T., McConaghy, M. Bennett, J.Z. Online 2017 . Differential applicability of criminological theories to individuals? The case of social learning vis-à-vis social control. Crime Delinquency.
  • Augustyn, M.B., Ward, J.T., Krohn, M.D. 2017 . Exploring intergenerational continuity in gang membership. Gangs in a Developmental Perspective, special issue of Journal of Crime and Justice, 40, 252-274.
  • Ward, J.T., Link, N.W., Taylor, R.B. 2017 . New windows into a broken construct: A multilevel factor analysis and DIF assessment of perceived incivilities. Journal of Criminal Justice, 51, 74-88.
  • Nobles, M.R, Ward, J.T., Tillyer, R. 2016 . The impact of neighborhood context on spatiotemporal patterns of burglary. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53, 711-740.
  • Ward, J.T., Hartley, R.D., Tillyer, R. 2016 . Unpacking gender and racial/ethnic biases in the federal sentencing of drug offenders: A causal mediation approach. Journal of Criminal Justice, 46, 196-206.
  • Augustyn, M.B., Ward, J.T. 2015 . Exploring the sanction-crime relationship through a lens of procedural justice. Journal of Criminal Justice, 43, 470-479.
  • Tillyer, R., Hartley, R.D., Ward, J.T. 2015 . Differential treatment of female defendants: Does criminal history moderate the effect of gender on sentence length in federal narcotics cases? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 42, 703-721.
  • Ward, J.T., Boman, J.H., Jones, S. 2015 . Hirschi’s redefined self-control: Assessing the implications of the merger between social- and self-control theories. Crime Delinquency, 61, 1206-1233.
  • Ward, J.T., Nobles, M.R., Fox, K.A. 2015 . Disentangling self-control from its elements: A bifactor analysis. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31, 595-627.
  • Boman, J.H., Ward, J.T. 2014 . Beyond projection: Specifying the types of peer delinquency misperception at the item- and scale-levels. Deviant Behavior, 35, 555-580.
  • Ward, J.T., Krohn, M.D., Gibson, C.L. 2014 . The effects of police contact on developmental trajectories of violence: A group-based, propensity score matching analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29, 440-475.
  • Ward, J.T., Nobles, M.R., Youstin, T.J., Cook, C.L. 2014 . Placing the neighborhood accessibility-burglary link in social-structural context. Crime Delinquency, 60, 739-763.
  • Boman, J.H., Ward, J.T., Gibson, C.L., Leite, W.L. 2012 . Can a perceptual peer deviance measure accurately measure a peer’s self-reported deviance? Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 463-471.
  • Vaske, J., Ward, J.T., Boisvert, D., Wright, J.P. 2012 . The stability of risk-seeking from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 313-322.
  • Krohn, M.D., Ward, J.T., Thornberry, T.P., Lizotte, A.J., Chu, R. 2011 . The cascading effects of gang membership in adolescence across the life-course. Criminology, 49, 991-1028.
  • Youstin, T.J., Nobles, M.R., Ward, J.T., Cook, C.L. 2011 . Assessing the generalizability of the near-repeat phenomenon. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38, 1042-1063.
  • Gibson, C.L., Ward, J.T., Wright, J.P., Beaver, K.M., DeLisi, M. 2010 . Where does gender fit in the measurement of self-control? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 883-903.
  • Ward, J.T., Gibson, C.L., Boman, J., Leite, W.L. 2010 . Assessing the validity of the Retrospective Behavioral Self-control scale: Is the general theory of crime stronger than the evidence suggests? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 336-357.
  • Ward, J.T., Stogner, J., Gibson, C.L., Akers, R.L. 2010 . A new trick for an old dog: Applying developmental trajectories to inform drug use progression. Journal of Drug Issues, 40, 755-782.

Courses Taught

  • CJ 2597 Criminal Justice Research Methods
  • CJ 2602 Criminal Justice Statistics
  • CJ 4401 Youth and Crime
  • CJ 3000 Crime Over the Life-course
  • CJ 8310 Developmental and Life-course Criminology