Faculty / Rely Vîlcicã

Dr. Vîlcică is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Temple since  2009.  Prior to joining Temple, she served as a Definitive Judge at the Court of the Fourth District of Bucharest, Romania.  She received a Bachelor of Law degree in 1997 from the School of Law, University of Bucharest, a post-graduate Judge Diploma in 1998 from the National Institute of Magistrature and Ministry of Justice of Romania, and her Ph.D. degree in 2008 from Temple’s graduate program in Criminal Justice.


Her research interests center generally on processing and adjudication in criminal courts, issues of justice decision-making, and their intersection with criminological theory, as well as comparative criminal justice (in particular, contrasting inquisitorial and adversarial justice practices).  Within this broad courts systems realm, her recent and ongoing research addresses four areas: criminal adjudication, pretrial release/detention and bail prediction, justice system interventions and impacts, and comparative justice policy.  Her dissertation, exploring explanations and consequences of dismissal of criminal cases in American courts, was nominated for the 2008 Council of Graduate School Distinguished Dissertation Award in Social Sciences.  Most recently, with Professors Goldkamp and Kay Harris, she has been involved in investigating the correction and parole processes in Pennsylvania, with a special focus on the handling of violent offenders.

Recent publications
In press

Vîlcică, E.R., Belenko, S., Hiller, M., & Taxman, F. Exporting court innovation from the United States to Continental Europe: Compatibility between the drug court model and inquisitorial justice systems. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.


Goldkamp, J.S. & Vîlcică, E.R. Judicial discretion and the unfinished agenda of American bail reform: Lessons from Philadelphia’s evidence-based judicial strategy.  Studies in Law, Politics and Society, 47: 115-157. 


Goldkamp, J. S. and Vîlcica, E.R. Targeted enforcement and adverse system side-effects: The generation of fugitives in Philadelphia, Criminology, 46(2):371-410.