Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez teaches in the Intellectual Heritage Program and the Department of Religion. Her research and teaching interests include American religious history, religion and gender, and cultural studies. She received her Ph.D. in History of Christianity from the University of Chicago, Divinity School. She is the author of The Valiant Woman: The Virgin Mary in Nineteenth-Century American Culture (University of North Carolina Press, 2016). She’s at work on various projects including an edited reader entitled Religion in Philadelphia (Temple Press) and a new book examining gendered rhetoric in anti-Catholic propaganda.